Publications

“Camera-Friendly Policing: How the Police Respond to Cameras and Photographers” authored by Ajay Sandhu in Surveillance & Society Journal. Available at: Link

How do the police respond to cameras and photographers? This paper argues that instead of engaging in counter-surveillance, police officers allow themselves to be recorded and engage in what I call ‘camera-friendly’ policing, which involves efforts to control how they are perceived on camera. Drawing on original and empirical research data, this paper examines the police’s camera-friendly tactics, and considers their implications for the police in an era of mass surveillance.

“Policing on Camera” authored by Ajay Sandhu and Kevin Haggerty in Theoretical Criminology Journal. Available at: Link

Drawing on empirical research data, this paper outlines the findings of one of the first studies examining how police understand and respond to cameras and photographers. The paper introduces a diversity of police perspectives on issues of police visibility (the camera-shy, habituated, and strategic perspectives), and encourages future research to take into account the ways that police can strategically take advantage of their visibility.

“High-Visibility Policing: Policing on Camera and the Crisis of Police Legitimacy” authored by Ajay Sandhu and Kevin Haggerty in Oxford Handbooks Online. Available at: Link

Technological and social developments are rapidly making police work increasingly visible. A consensus seems to be emerging that this new high visibility status undermines public trust and challenges police legitimacy. This article analyzes this situation and questions the extent to which videos of the police are producing uniformly negative outcomes for them.

“Private Eyes: Private Policing and Surveillance” authored by Ajay Sandhu and Kevin Haggerty in Routledge Handbook of Private Security Studies. Available at: Link

This article explores the distinct surveillance practices and technologies employed by various private policing organizations ranging from neighbourhood watch programs to private security regulators who monitor financial markets.

“The Police’s Crisis of Visibility” authored by Kevin Haggerty and Ajay Sandhu in IEEE Technology and Society. Available at: Link

Today the police’s visible field is shifting, at least in part due to how policing increasingly occurs ‘on camera.’ Resulting video footage transforms what were previously fleeting acts into constantly accessible moments that can be replayed, slowed down and zoomed in on. This article discusses the resulting image-management crisis the police contend with.

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